Signs of obesity in a child
A healthy child in the view of many parents is a strong baby with many folds and constrictions. Moms are happy when their child gains weight well. After all, an excellent appetite is a sign of health. But such overfeeding and weighting are of concern to pediatricians. Today, signs of obesity in children are increasingly common. So, where is the line between the development of severe pathology and pleasant infant swelling?
How is obesity
It is impossible not to notice the excess weight in the child. A kid playing with peers will stand out in the crowd. The acquisition of new things is always accompanied by difficulties in sizing. Therefore, careful and caring parents will definitely notice such nuances.
The growth of adipose tissue occurs during certain periods:
0-3 years. This is the first build-up of subcutaneous fat. After 3 years, the baby begins to grow rapidly. Fat growth slows down.
5-7 years old. The next surge in adipose tissue growth is observed in preschool children.
12-17 years old. This period is associated with the restructuring of the body. Increased production of fat cells is noted.
If your child has signs of obesity, you should consult a doctor
How to determine obesity in a child? It is not difficult to identify the pathology, and at the earliest stages. You must regularly visit a doctor and listen to all his recommendations. In addition, parents should carefully monitor the behavior, lifestyle, physical activity of their baby. These points may indicate developing obesity in a timely manner.
Anxiety Signs in Infants
It is most difficult for parents to independently identify obesity in infants. In order not to miss the moment of the development of pathology, it is necessary to regularly visit a pediatrician. Specialists developed tables that show normal weight gain and increased growth. Small deviations are allowed. But if body weight is 5-10% more than normal, then pediatricians tell parents about excess weight. In the case of a 20% increase in weight, the child is diagnosed with obesity.
The following symptoms deserve special attention:
Pay attention to your child’s symptoms.
problematic stools and constipation.
Symptoms of problems in preschoolers
Children 5-7 years old who are overweight are inactive. They will happily prefer sedentary games to any mobile games. Such crumbs as an encouragement will choose ice cream, fast food and completely reject the offer of a camping trip.
You can notice a developing pathology by the following signs:
aching joint pain;
shortness of breath (occurs when walking or exercising);
excessive fat in the chest, limbs, abdomen.
If the child has a fat layer above normal, then this may be obesity
All people have fat in the abdomen or hips. To determine its “excessiveness”, you can resort to the next test. Two fingers gently clamp the skin tissue. Visually assess the size of the layer. For the chest and abdomen, the norm is 1-2 cm. In the thigh area, the squeezed fat layer can vary within 2-4 cm. Exceeding such indicators indicates the presence of excess weight in the child.
Symptoms of pathology in adolescents
All the signs of obesity described above in children in adolescents are more pronounced. Therefore, the pathology is visible even to the naked eye.
The following symptoms supplement such signs:
aching pain in the back, joints;
frequent swelling of the limbs;
increase in pressure;
disruptions in the menstrual cycle;
Obesity is divided into 2 groups:
For obesity, diet
Primary The development of the disease is based on a genetic predisposition or / and malnutrition.
Secondary Such obesity is provoked by acquired or congenital diseases of the child. Usually endocrine disorders cause pathology.
Degrees of disease
In medicine, there is another classification. It takes into account the body weight of the child, or rather the degree of deviation from the norm recognized by doctors.
So, there are 4 degrees of obesity in children:
Body weight exceeds the norm by 15-24%. Such a child has an excellent appetite and does not reject outdoor games. Therefore, parents rarely pay attention to the weight of their son or daughter, and the recommendations of doctors are not taken seriously.
Weight exceeds the norm by 25-49%. The lack of the necessary correction of lifestyle leads to the progression of obesity. A small patient begins to avoid moving activities. His mood spoils regularly.
Body weight exceeds the permissible norm by 50-99%. Grade 3 is characterized by the presence of serious symptoms. The child is constantly increasing pressure. Excess weight puts a strain on the skeletal system. Joints hurt. In the body, glucose levels fluctuate. Prerequisites for the onset of diabetes are created.