Symptoms of coronavirus in children
It is important for parents to know the symptoms of coronavirus in children, because this allows you to provide assistance on time, and to prevent the spread of infection. On March 11, 2020, WHO announced the global coronavirus pandemic. Now doctors of all countries are fighting not only with the disease, but also with rumors that are spreading on the network. Some of them are associated with symptoms of coronavirus in children, and there is an opinion that children do not get coronavirus infection. The myths about COVID-2019 make it impossible to make the right decisions and really assess the situation. In this article you will receive reliable answers to questions about coronavirus and children. The information was taken from verified sources: documents of the WHO, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, federal media.
Do children get coronavirus?
Earlier on the Internet, they vigorously discussed that children do not get coronavirus. Indeed, infection statistics showed predominantly the category of adults and the elderly. Recently, cases of coronavirus among children in the world have become more often recorded. A joint study of scientists from the USA and China in the city of Shenzhen showed that the percentage of infected among children under 10 years old is 7%, and adults – 8%, that is, almost the same. It is possible that the impression that children do not have coronavirus due to the complexity of diagnosis. COVID-2019 in children can occur without signs, respectively, parents do not turn to doctors, which means that the case is not recorded.
Since the end of December 2019, when the COVID-19 pandemic occurred, not a single case of death among children from the disease was recorded.
In early February, it became known that in Wuhan there were at least 2 cases of COVID-19 among newborns. One of the babies was diagnosed two days after birth. On March 14, data appeared on coronavirus in a newborn in the UK (London). He was diagnosed in a child immediately after birth, since his mother already had an appropriate diagnosis. Doctors are still studying whether babies could get infected in utero, or whether it happened immediately after birth.
Why do children hardly get coronavirus?
At the moment, scientists can not come to an unequivocal conclusion why children are less likely to become infected with COVID-2019. According to one version, this is due to the fact that a child is less likely than an adult to be in crowded places. Also, the child is not so often in public transport at rush hour. Other scientists believe that children have more “flexible” and stronger immunity. It quickly responds to infection and adapts. These words are confusing for some people, because it is known that children often get sick just because their immunity is weak. In support of their hypothesis, scientists give an example – chickenpox. In childhood, chickenpox is easier to tolerate than in adults.
Coronavirus in children: symptoms
Symptoms of coronavirus in children may be completely absent. This fact confirms the case in Moscow. March 11, it became known that among the new infected with coronavirus there is a child who did not have any symptoms of the disease.
A child can be a carrier of the disease, have no symptoms, and at the same time infect others.
The infection is transmitted by airborne droplets, which is why it most often spreads through coughing and sneezing. But if these symptoms do not exist, then it can be transmitted during a stormy conversation, if droplets of saliva or improper washing of dishes fly off.
What symptoms of coronavirus in children can be observed:
a sore throat;
According to researchers from China, children with coronavirus did not complain that their head hurt or “hurt” the body. These symptoms are observed in adults. Unusually, chest x-ray does not reflect signs of pneumonia in children with COVID-19. For this reason, the virus is even more difficult to diagnose in small patients.
On March 16, Chinese scientists published a study in the medical journal MedicalXpress. They monitored 745 children in the age group from 2 months to 15 years who were in the circle of contacts with people infected with COVID-19. It turned out that only 10 children, that is 1.3%, underwent infection from sick adults. None of the children diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus had severe symptoms. Only seven children had a fever, but no more than 39 degrees.
Wash hands 40 seconds after being in public. You should also wash your hands after coughing, sneezing, using the toilet, preparing or eating food, contact with animals, or when your hands are dirty.
Explain to your child that you cannot touch your face with dirty hands, especially the eyes, lips, and nose.
Avoid crowded places. If possible, minimize shopping trips to pharmacies with your child.
Keep away from other people at a distance of 1.5-2 meters.
Limit completely bodily contact with other people. Explain to the child that even if this is a close friend or girlfriend, you should not shake hands now, greet with a hug or a “five” clap.