How to feed a baby
Food is fuel that is required by any body for life. That is why a decrease in appetite in a child always causes a lot of anxiety and fear among parents. To feed the baby, mothers go to a variety of tricks. And do not always choose the right path. Why does a child’s appetite decrease? What to look for? And how to feed a little baby?
Causes of Lack of Appetite
The appetite of a child, as well as an adult, depends on a number of reasons. It is determined by the individual needs of the body. During the rapid growth of the child (first year of life, adolescence), appetite increases. After all, the body needs “fuel”. More energy, and therefore food, is required for active children who are engaged in dancing and sports.
The appetite of a child throughout life can decrease and increase. If at the same time the baby or teenager looks healthy, behaves naturally and grows in accordance with the norms, then there is no reason for concern.
A child may be reluctant to eat, eat food in minimal doses, and sometimes completely refuse to eat as a result of improper or irrational nutrition. Doctors give the following common mistakes, which often result in a decrease in appetite:
Snacks lead to poor appetite
1. Junk food. The child will always choose harmful french fries, instead of healthy porridge. He will prefer sweet soda to dried fruit compote. And with pleasure will reach for a cake instead of fruit. Junk food leads to gastrointestinal diseases and significantly reduces appetite. Therefore, parents should teach their baby to healthy and wholesome nutrition from childhood. Abuse of protein foods (mainly meat products) can lead to a deterioration in appetite.
2. The diet. Pediatricians strongly recommend accustoming the child to the regimen. During the day, you need to plan 5-6 meals. It is useful for a schoolchild and preschooler to eat small portions of food, but take it often.
3. Snacks. They most often lead to a deterioration in appetite. If between meals a child eats sweets or cookies, gnaws an apple or other fruit, then at the table he usually eats less than the norm. Such a kid or teenager will easily refuse the served dish.
4. Inadequate physical activity. Children who do not play sports and avoid outdoor games, simply do not have time to spend the entire supply of “fuel” obtained from food. Attempts to feed such children through force will lead to the development of obesity.
5. Distractions. Lack of appetite often affects children accustomed to eating food with toys or “under the cartoons.”
A child’s refusal to eat can be caused by poor health. Most often, the following pathologies become the culprits of poor appetite:
Anemia. Deficiency of iron and zinc leads to the rejection of food.
Gastrointestinal diseases. Cholecystitis, disturbances of the microflora of the digestive tract, gastritis cause severe discomfort. A child suffering from nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence will subconsciously avoid eating certain foods. Most often, refusal concerns only food that causes negative symptoms.
Infectious diseases. With such pathologies, a temporary loss of appetite occurs.
Diseases of the heart or respiratory system. A weakened body requires less “fuel”. Difficulties with breathing cause a child to refuse a full diet.
Pathology of the oral cavity. Any disease that causes discomfort in the mouth or throat can reduce appetite. It can be caries, sore throat, stomatitis, tonsillitis.
Sometimes a decrease in appetite causes excessive use of drugs.
Parents often notice that the child suddenly began to eat less. A pre-schooler or schoolchild that has not previously complained about appetite begins to reject food. And even your favorite dishes no longer cause past delight. The reasons for such changes are often hidden in psychological moments:
Stress in the family affects the nutrition of the child
Stress. Internal experiences, failures, pressure from parents or teachers – all these factors can cause stress, and sometimes depression. Children react differently to such moments. Some are trying to “seize stress.” Without timely adult intervention, this turns into obesity. Other children, faced with stress, completely refuse to eat.
Reproaches and pressure. The more parents force the child to eat, the stronger the latter closes and rejects the food. Sometimes the reasons for the lack of appetite are caused by the baby’s fright for the soiled clothes (if the baby had been punished heavily for this before), fear of the upcoming “reckoning” (“you haven’t eaten, so you will be punished”). And if the parents feed the child through force, then soon the unfortunate baby will face a persistent aversion to food. And it’s good if such a rejection concerns only specific dishes, and not all food.
Difficult situation. If a baby grows up in a family in which parents constantly quarrel, scandals arise, sooner or later stress will affect the child.