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Is sodium glutamate dangerous for health

If you ask people about monosodium glutamate, then most will confidently say about the dangers of the supplement. It is called a true food drug and is often considered the source of many serious illnesses. However, do people all know about this supplement? And is sodium glutamate really harmful? First things first.

What is monosodium glutamate and in what food does it occur?
By the term “monosodium glutamate” (in the classification it is assigned the code E621) is meant a salt of glutamic acid. The latter is an important amino acid found in all proteins. It is daily ingested with food. And if glutamic acid becomes insufficient, then the human body begins to independently produce it.

Monosodium glutamate is a crystalline white powder. It has no smell and is completely tasteless until it is mixed with other seasonings. Thus, E621 is considered to be an amplifier of taste.

History reference
Back in 1908, Ikeda Kikunae, a Japanese chemist, isolated an additive from algae kombu and patented it as monosodium glutamate. Since then, the substance has firmly entered the food industry. It provides products with a special taste by the minds. This is a specific flavor of high protein foods.

In the twentieth century, the supplement was obtained from algae
For a long time it was believed that a person is able to distinguish only 4 tastes. It can recognize salty foods and those that are sweet, bitter, and sour. In 2002, scientists managed to discover the fifth shade of taste – minds. Researchers have discovered in human language whole groups of L-glutamate receptors. They provide perception by the minds.

Where is monosodium glutamate contained?
E621 is considered to be a natural substance. In fact, such a component does not exist in nature. It is obtained chemically from glutamic acid. Previously, natural products were used to produce the food supplement. Today, some manufacturers use genetically modified bacteria as starting material for E621.

Where is monosodium glutamate contained?
E621 is considered to be a natural substance. In fact, such a component does not exist in nature. It is obtained chemically from glutamic acid. Previously, natural products were used to produce the food supplement. Today, some manufacturers use genetically modified bacteria as starting material for E621.

Cheeses
whole milk;
a hen;
sea ​​kale;
fish;
soy sauce;
Tomatoes
mushrooms;
pork;
beef.
Monosodium glutamate is added to foods to enhance taste.
If we talk about an artificial food additive (it is marked on the product packaging as E621), then it is part of:

smoked meats;
sausages (more is found in cheap products);
Korean salads;
chips;
any canned food;
crackers;
instant noodles (b / p);
bouillon cubes;
mashed potatoes (b / p);
meat semi-finished products;
dumplings;
some friable seasonings;
industrial sauces;
food in Chinese and Japanese restaurants.
Is sodium glutamate harmful: 5 common claims
A lot of different rumors revolve around sodium glutamate. Listening to such misconceptions and speculations, people begin to believe in the harmfulness of the supplement. But is it? Scientists have carefully studied the most common myths and carefully studied monosodium glutamate. This allowed to refute or justify the rumors.

Visual impairment
It is believed that the use of monosodium glutamate can lead to visual impairment, and further to blindness. To test this claim, scientists conducted a study on rodents.

Additive E-621 should not be consumed constantly
For 10 days, shock doses of the supplement were introduced into rats (per 1 kg of live weight – 3.2 g). An overdose of monosodium glutamate caused irreversible retinal disorders in young rodents. In adults, the supplement was less effective. After the administration of sodium glutamate in an amount of 0.25 g per 1 kg of weight, no changes in the retina were detected.

Scientists believe that taking glutamate sodium in acceptable doses according to EU and TS regulations does not cause vision problems. However, long-term studies in this area have not been carried out either in humans or in rodents.
Obesity development
It is believed that monosodium glutamate can lead to uncontrolled weight gain and overeating. This statement, according to scientists, is not without sound grain.

In 2012, a study was conducted in which 752 people took part (age 40-59 years). The relationship between taking a dietary supplement and developing a tendency to obesity has been proven empirically.

However, there are studies that completely contradict the foregoing. Empirically, it was found that monosodium glutamate does not affect weight gain. The result of the study is officially recorded.

It is impossible to answer unequivocally whether a food supplement causes obesity or not. Scientists are of the opinion that the use of monosodium glutamate in acceptable doses does not cause a tendency to gain weight.

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