Wolf hunger: why you constantly want to eat
Good appetite is always associated with health. But only as long as it does not develop into a “wolf”. If a person constantly wants to eat, even after the last crumbs of a full meal are eaten, then it’s time to think about the reasons for such an appetite.
Hunger and appetite – different concepts
First, you need to understand that the terms “hunger” and “appetite”, although very similar, but from the point of view of physiology, are somewhat different concepts. Hunger is an objective reaction of the body to nutrient deficiency. It occurs within a few hours (usually 3 hours or more) after the last meal. With the help of hunger, the body requires replenishment of energy resources (food intake).
Increased appetite is a certain protective mechanism that is triggered in the body in response to certain irritants. Most often, psychological factors or diseases serve as stimuli. Due to increased appetite, the body is trying to create a reserve for a rainy day. Fatty deposits begin to appear. If a person does not seek to satisfy the needs of the body, then there is a feeling of hunger. But this is not an objective reaction, but a false feeling.
People who have a constant good appetite should definitely visit a doctor. This symptom can serve as a symptom of some diseases.
Permanent hunger: 5 harmless reasons
The feeling of hunger occurs in almost all people from time to time. A variety of reasons can cause it. Moreover, in most cases they are completely harmless and easily removable.
Most often, hunger occurs in response to the following points.
Dehydration can be masked as hunger. The culprit of such an error is the brain, or rather its department – the hypothalamus. It is in this zone that there are centers of thirst, satiety and hunger.
Thirst can be confused with hunger
If hunger occurred a few minutes after eating, then most likely the body suffers from dehydration. Drink a glass of water and listen to the sensations. Most often, hunger completely disappears.
Constant hunger can torment people who are exhausting themselves with strict diets or practicing unhealthy diets.
The main mistakes of the diet:
A lot of fast carbohydrates. If a person abuses sweet cakes, donuts, sweets, cookies, then the feeling of hunger becomes his constant companion. All these products contain simple carbohydrates, which are quickly broken down in the body, causing a sharp increase in glucose in the blood, and then its instantaneous decline. Therefore, the body immediately requires replenishment of energy. A person feels hunger.
Protein deficiency. Protein-rich foods (fish, meat) break down longer than carbohydrates. In addition, they better saturate the body. People who constantly experience hunger most often consume little protein food.
Low fat. A complete rejection of fats (such extremes are often practiced by dieters) leads to hunger. However, in enriching the menu with fats, one must observe the measure. It is better to give preference to products containing beneficial omega-3-, 6 fatty acids.
Improper diet can lead to a constant feeling of hunger. If the intervals between meals are too long, then the person manages to get very hungry. In this case, at the time of eating, he just has a wolfish appetite.
Lack of sleep
With chronic lack of sleep in the body, the synthesis of ghrelin (a hormone responsible for appetite) increases. This decreases the level of leptin (a hormone that provides a feeling of satiety). A sleepy person usually feels a breakdown. To compensate for the lack of energy, the body requires an additional portion of food.
You should get enough sleep regularly to keep your body comfortable.
Against the background of violations in the synthesis of hormones, a person can abuse food even when he is not hungry.
Sometimes increased appetite is completely independent of external factors (diet, lack of sleep, etc.). Such a feeling practically does not lend itself to self-correction. In this case, the reasons should be sought in the pathological processes taking place in the body. To correctly diagnose the sources of the problem, you need to go to the doctor’s appointment.
The following diseases are capable of provoking the appearance of “wolf” appetite:
Diabetes. With this pathology, glucose is not absorbed by the cells. The body requires energy. Therefore, the patient’s appetite is constantly increased.
Hyperthyroidism This is a disease in which the thyroid gland synthesizes hormones in large quantities. Such a violation is often accompanied by increased appetite. A person eats a lot, but at the same time continues to lose weight.
Helminthiasis. If parasites are wound up in the intestines, the patient is constantly faced with increased appetite. And no matter how much a person eats, he still does not get better.
Depression. Prolonged stress can lead to depression. In this case, the feeling of hunger becomes constant.