All you need to know about metabolism
The word “metabolism” has long ceased to be considered an exclusively medical term and has become firmly established in colloquial speech. Metabolism must be accelerated in order to lose weight, improve health, improve appearance. This is evidenced by successful people from TV screens, slender models from glossy pages, ordinary people from advertising posters who achieved their cherished dream. Therefore, almost every person periodically raises the question: how to speed up the metabolism?
A bit of metabolism theory
The body is constantly undergoing many chemical reactions. They support human life, provide development, growth, allow you to adequately respond to the environment. These processes are called metabolism. And in the language of doctors – metabolism.
Such chemical processes include two important steps:
Catabolism. This is the breakdown of food for the formation of energy in the body and the necessary “building blocks”.
Anabolism. The process aimed at updating the cells, the production of enzymes, hormones.
As an example, consider the skin. It is constantly updated. For cell regeneration to run smoothly, building materials and energy are needed. These processes make up the metabolism.
What is metabolism in simple language? This is a metabolism. In other words, this is the energy turnover that the body requires to complete all the necessary processes (lung, heart, brain, body temperature, etc.).
Types of metabolism
The human body constantly requires energy for a normal existence. It provides such simple processes as respiration, blood circulation, digestion of food. Almost half of all energy generated is spent on supporting the functioning of the brain, heart, kidneys, and liver. The rest is spent on digestion, muscle function, and the accumulation of adipose tissue.
Metabolism depends on the energy expended by the body.
Metabolism is divided into two types:
The main (basal). It proceeds constantly. This metabolism is independent of activity. Energy production occurs even at rest or in sleep. The resulting fuel is spent on ensuring the vital functions of the body.
Additional. This metabolism is associated with physical activity and digestion of food.
Doctors have found that the largest portion of calories is burned at rest during basal metabolism. 10-30% of energy is spent on active sports, and only 10% on food digestion.
What is a “fast” and “slow” metabolism in the human body
A fast metabolism is often associated with harmony and the ability to eat any food without getting better. Accordingly, the slow metabolism in people’s minds is strongly associated with a high tendency to gain extra pounds. However, the metabolic rate affects not only the appearance of a person.
With a quick metabolism, the energy received is rapidly spent on meeting internal needs. And in the case of a slowdown in metabolism, it is spent very slowly. Thus, people have different rates of basal metabolism. And it is on her that the propensity to gain excess weight mainly depends.
Factors affecting metabolic rate
The metabolic rate depends on many factors. Some of them cannot be changed. They cannot be corrected, therefore they are called static. These include:
age (over the years, metabolism slows down);
Metabolism depends on gender and physique
But there are also factors that can be corrected. They are called dynamic. This category includes:
body weight (even with advanced obesity, with the right approach, you can fight);
It is possible to influence the course of metabolism with the help of dynamic factors. But at the same time, the speed is more dependent on genetics.
Tips from experts: how to improve, not slow down the metabolism
If you correctly act on dynamic factors, then you can speed up the metabolism. However, do not rely on the “acceleration” of metabolism. The main violin is played by static factors. Dynamic allow you to speed up the flow of exchange in a fairly modest amount.
Metabolism Acceleration: 5 Good Habits
The faster the human body transforms the resulting food into energy, the more fat deposits go away. Despite the high complexity and incomplete knowledge of metabolism, this statement is true. So, to lose weight, you need to speed up the metabolism.
The following beneficial habits will help improve the flow of metabolism.
Dietitians usually recommend drinking warm water. But recent studies have shown that drinking cold liquid can significantly enhance the positive effect. Water will fill the stomach (thanks to which hunger will go away) and will require energy for its heating. If you drink 0.5 l of cold water, then the metabolic rate will increase by 30%.