Botox: what is it and why is it needed?
Probably everyone heard about Botox. But basically it is known as a means to combat wrinkles – “beauty injections”. However, the useful properties of Botox are not limited to this: it is successfully used not only in cosmetology, but also in other areas.
But all in order.
What is Botox?
Botox is a drug that contains type A botulinum toxin, a powerful poison that acts on nerve cells (neurotoxin). It is produced by the bacteria of Clostridia botulinum. This toxin is the culprit of the most severe poisoning with home-made pickled cucumbers, mushrooms, etc., since if the cooking technology and storage conditions are not followed, the bacteria multiply perfectly in canned foods.
And this same toxin helps us maintain beauty and youth. There is no contradiction here. Even the ancient doctors knew that the fact that in large doses is poison, in small doses is a medicine.
In botox, botulinum toxin is contained in minute doses. Introduced into the muscle, which is responsible for the formation of wrinkles, the toxin acts on its nerve endings and disrupts the neuromuscular connection, preventing the impulses from being transmitted to the nerve fibers of the muscle. The muscle loses its ability to contract, temporarily paralyzes, and as a result, the skin covering it is smoothed.
This is the mechanism of action of Botox in cosmetology. Most often, Botox injections remove facial wrinkles on the forehead and around the eyes. But deep wrinkles, nasolabial folds, sagging folds on the neck with one Botox cannot be removed. By the way, the opinion that Botox can increase the volume of lips is a mistake. Botox will smooth wrinkles, and the volume will be created by special fillers – fillers.
Are beauty injections harmful
This issue worries many women who would like to take advantage of Botox and adjust their appearance.
Like any medical procedure, Botox injections, firstly, have contraindications, and secondly, they can cause complications.
Botox is contraindicated in case of poor blood coagulation, endocrine disorders, chronic lung diseases, neuromuscular pathologies, severe myopia. In addition, beauty injections are not done if there is a strong prolapse of the soft tissues. Of course, pregnant and lactating mothers should refrain from this procedure.
Well, as for the complications, then the qualification of the doctor conducting the procedure plays an important role. After all, injections should be done at strictly defined points and the right dose should be selected for a particular patient.
Most often, complications after Botox injections arise due to medical errors. If, with improper dilution of the drug, its concentration turns out to be too high, the face may turn into a motionless mask, but if you sort it out with a dose, the skin around the injection site will sag. With the wrong choice of injection points, you can get an asymmetric, distorted face, strabismus, difficulty swallowing and speech, salivation and other equally unpleasant consequences. Therefore, a specialist must be selected very carefully: he must have a medical education and experience in conducting this procedure.
But the woman herself may be to blame. If she does not comply with medical recommendations (and after the procedure you must adhere to certain restrictions), then she may have side effects, even if the procedure itself is performed correctly.
In any case, even if you have any complications, you should not be very upset: after 4-5-6 months they will all go without a trace, as well as, by the way, the beneficial effect of the procedure. And beauty injections will have to be repeated.
As for the harmful effects of the drug, botulinum toxin does not kill either nerve cells or muscle cells. And the broken neuromuscular connections are completely restored (however, wrinkles are restored).
Many people know the effect of Botox in the treatment of hyperhidrosis – increased sweating. Injections of the drug into the armpit area can get rid of this unpleasant phenomenon, but also not forever – for the same six months.
Not only cosmetology
Cosmetology is not the only area of Botox application. Moreover, initially this drug was created to treat strabismus in ophthalmology. It is used there today. With its help, blepharospasm (inability to open the eyelids) and strabismus are treated.
The drug is widely used in neurology. They are relieved of muscle spasms: muscle cramps in the face (hemifacial spasm), increased muscle tone in patients after a stroke, muscle cramps in cerebral palsy. In this case, a muscle (or muscle group) not only relaxes and its function is restored. The pain disappears, which often accompanies a spasm.
Recently, information has appeared about the effective use of Botox in urology in the treatment of urinary incontinence in women. True, only tests have passed so far, but the results have been encouraging.